Get Partizipation und Parteienwandel in Deutschland (German PDF

By Fabian Koba

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Systeme - Politisches method Deutschlands, observe: 2,3, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am major (Institut für Politikwissenschaft), Veranstaltung: Parteireformen, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Die Parteien in Deutschland definieren sich schon ihrer Bezeichnung nach über ihre Mitglieder. Die Parteienforschung konstatiert jedoch seit längerer Zeit eine Krise eben dieser so genannten Mitgliederparteien durch den fortlaufenden Rückgang ihres Personenbestandes. Auch ein Wandel des Parteimitgliedprofils wird diskutiert und so sehen einige aktuelle Überlegungen auch eine Veränderung der Organisationen zu Parteien eines neuen Typs als notwendig, um aus der Krise heraus zu kommen. Ist das Modell der Mitgliederpartei additionally veraltet und ein Wandel tatsächlich erforderlich? Um diese Frage zu beantworten, wird die Arbeit sich mit dem wichtigsten Faktor bei einer Partei des Mitgliedertyps beschäftigen, der Partizipation. Wie stellt sie sich heute dar? Kann guy aus dem Partizipationsverhalten einen notwendigen oder bereits erfolgten Mitglieder- und/oder Parteienwandel im Laufe der Zeit konstatieren? Dafür wird sowohl die Entscheidung, einer Partei beizutreten, als auch die Entscheidung über Ausmaß und shape innerparteilicher Partizipation untersucht.
Zunächst einmal muss jedoch geklärt werden, worauf die obigen Aussagen sich gründen und deshalb werden zuerst die faktische Mitgliederentwicklung, die daraus entstehenden Krisenfaktoren und die favorisierten theoretischen Erklärungsmuster für diese Entwicklung dargestellt. Darauf aufbauend werden die Wandelthesen sowohl zu neuen Mitglieds- als auch neuen Parteitypen umrissen.
Im Folgenden wird dann die allgemeine und innerparteiliche Partizipation in Deutschland dargestellt und daraufhin untersucht, ob sie die Notwendigkeit eines Parteienwandels untermauert. Die foundation dafür bilden vor allem die Potsdamer Parteimitgliederstudie und aus ihr entstandene empirischen examine von Markus Klein zu dieser Thematik. In diesem Zusammenhang wird versucht darzustellen, welche purpose hinter einem Parteieintritt und weiterführend hinter innerparteilicher Partizipation stehen.

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Download e-book for iPad: Reinventing Democracy: Grassroots Movements in Portugal by João Arriscado Nunes,Boaventura de Sousa Santos

By João Arriscado Nunes,Boaventura de Sousa Santos

The reports collected during this quantity concentrate on Portuguese society, from the artistic social and political experimentation by means of citizen and well known activities through the revolution of 1974/75 to newer episodes of other monetary supplier, well known mobilization over the declare of neighborhood populations to self-government, neighborhood environmental conflicts, adjustments in trade-unionism, transnational team spirit pursuits and citizen participation on territorial making plans. They explicitly discover the relationships and tensions among distinction and equality, citizenship and distinction, state/society relationships and native identities and ecu integration as a part of broader tactics of globalisation and of the emergence of recent reports of energetic citizenship.

This quantity used to be formerly released as a distinct factor of the magazine South eu Society and Politics.

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Download e-book for kindle: Women, Money, and the Law: Nineteenth-Century Fiction, by Joyce W. Warren

By Joyce W. Warren

Did 19th-century American girls have funds in their personal? to respond to this question, ladies, funds, and the legislation seems to be on the private and non-private tales of person ladies in the context of yank tradition, assessing how criminal and cultural traditions affected women's lives, relatively with recognize to classification and racial adjustments, and studying the ways that girls have been focused on financial issues. Joyce Warren has exposed an unlimited, untapped archive of criminal records from the hot York ideally suited courtroom that have been expunged from the reliable checklist. through exploring 1000's of lawsuits related to girls litigants among 1845 and 1875--women whose tales had, in influence, been erased from history--and via learning the lives and works of a big variety of 19th-century girls writers, Warren has stumbled on convincing proof of women's involvement with cash. The proceedings convey that during spite of the main egregious gender regulations of legislation and customized, many 19th-century ladies lived independently, dealing with the felony and financial restraints in their tradition whereas earning money for themselves and infrequently for his or her households to boot. They controlled their lives and their funds with braveness and tenacity and fractured built gender identities via their lived adventure. many ladies writers, even if they didn't publicly suggest monetary independence for girls, supported themselves and their households all through their writing careers and of their fiction portrayed the significance of cash in women's lives. ladies from all backgrounds--some defeated via lack of knowledge and placidity, others as ruthless and callous because the so much hardened businessmen--were in truth greatly part of the money economic system. jointly, the facts of the complaints and the writers runs counter to the reliable narrative, which scripted ladies as economically established and financially uninvolved. Warren presents an illuminating counternarrative that considerably questions modern assumptions concerning the lives of 19th-century girls. girls, cash, and the legislations is a vital corrective to the conventional view and should fascinate students and scholars in women's experiences, literary experiences, and criminal background in addition to the final reader.

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Bayonets in Paradise: Martial Law in Hawai‘i during World - download pdf or read online

By Harry N. Scheiber,Jane L. Scheiber

Bayonets in Paradise recounts the intense tale of ways the military imposed inflexible and absolute keep an eye on at the overall inhabitants of Hawaii in the course of global conflict II. Declared instantly after the Pearl Harbor assault, martial legislation used to be all-inclusive, bringing less than military rule each element of the Territory of Hawaii's legislation and governmental associations. Even the judiciary used to be positioned below direct subservience to the army specialists. the end result used to be a chronic quandary in civil liberties, because the military subjected greater than 400,000 civilians—citizens and alien citizens alike—to sweeping, intrusive social and fiscal laws and to enforcement of military orders in provost courts without semblance of due procedure. additionally, the military enforced detailed rules opposed to Hawaii's huge inhabitants of jap ancestry; hundreds of thousands of jap american citizens have been investigated, hundreds of thousands have been arrested, and a few 2,000 have been incarcerated. In marked distinction to the well known coverage of the mass removals at the West Coast, even if, Hawaii's coverage was once considered one of "selective," albeit preventive, detention.

Army rule in Hawaii lasted till past due 1944—making it the longest interval during which an American civilian inhabitants has ever been ruled lower than martial legislation. the military brass invoked the imperatives of protection and "military necessity" to perpetuate its regime of censorship, curfews, compelled paintings assignments, and arbitrary "justice" within the army courts. extensively approved at the beginning, those guidelines led in time to dramatic clashes over the knowledge and constitutionality of martial legislation, concerning the president, his best cupboard officers, and the army. The authors additionally supply a wealthy research of the criminal demanding situations to martial legislation that culminated in Duncan v. Kahanamoku, a extraordinary case within which the U.S. best courtroom ultimately heard argument at the martial legislation regime—and governed in 1946 that provost court docket justice and the military's usurpation of the civilian govt were illegal.

Based mostly on archival resources, this finished, authoritative learn areas the long-neglected and mostly unknown historical past of martial legislation in Hawaii within the higher context of America's ongoing fight among the safety of constitutional liberties and the workout of emergency powers.

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Get The Politics of Quasi-Government: Hybrid Organizations and PDF

By Jonathan G. S. Koppell

Hybrid organisations, governmental entities that blend features of non-public and public zone corporations, are more and more well known mechanisms for enforcing public coverage. Koppell assesses the functionality of the turning out to be quasi-government by way of responsibility and keep an eye on. evaluating hybrids to conventional govt firms in 3 coverage domain names - export promoting, housing and foreign improvement - Koppell argues that hybrid enterprises are more challenging to regulate mostly on the grounds that hybrids behave like regulated corporations instead of extensions of administrative enterprises. supplying a wealthy belief of the bureaucratic keep watch over challenge, Koppell additionally argues that hybrid businesses are intrinsically much less aware of the political personal tastes in their political masters and means that as coverage instruments they're beside the point for a few projects. This ebook presents a well timed research of a major administrative and political phenomenon.

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Venezuela: Revolution as Spectacle by Rafael Uzcategui,Chaz Bufe PDF

By Rafael Uzcategui,Chaz Bufe

A severe examine the Chavez regime from a leftist Venezuelan point of view, this account debunks claims made by way of Venezuelan and U.S. rightists that the regime is antidemocratic and dictatorial. as a substitute, the ebook argues that the Chavez govt is one in all an extended line of Latin American populist companies which have been eventually subservient to the U.S. in addition to multinational agencies. Explaining how independent Venezuelan social, exertions, and environmental hobbies were systematically disempowered by way of the Chavez regime, this research contends that those routine are the foundation of a really democratic, innovative alternative.

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Frank Bodenschatz's Die Fünfprozentklausel bei Bundestagswahlen in Deutschland: PDF

By Frank Bodenschatz

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2012 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Systeme - Politisches process Deutschlands, be aware: 1,3, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Die Fünfprozentklausel, eine der so genannten Sperrklauseln bei Bundestagswahlen, hat sich seit ihrer Einführung und Modifizierung in den Anfangsjahren der Bundesrepublik als technisches aspect der Ausgestaltung unseres personifizierten Verhältniswahlsystems behauptet und ist den meisten Bürgern vertraut. Doch obwohl sie seit Generationen zur wahlrechtlichen Normalität gehört und aufgrund der ständigen Rechtsprechung des Bundesverfassungsgerichts weitestgehend akzeptiert bzw. nur sporadisch hinterfragt wird, stellt diese Regelung eine gravierende Verletzung des Gleichheitsgrundsatzes bei der Stimmabgabe dar. Das Repräsentationsziel der Verhältniswahl, nämlich Proportionalität, wird durch den Ausschluss bestimmter Parteien von der Mandatsvergabe nicht vollständig erreicht, zudem gehen hunderttausende Wählerstimmen „verloren“. Zwar hat jede Stimme den gleichen Zählwert, doch eine Erfolgswertgleichheit ist nicht garantiert. Das sich daraus ergebende Gerechtigkeitsproblem wird zugunsten vereinfachter Koalitionsbildungen und einer vermeintlichen Regierungsstabilität billigend in Kauf genommen.

Aber ist die Fünfprozentklausel wirklich noch zeitgemäß? Wie steht es allgemein um ihre Legitimität? Gibt es realistische Alternativen, die im Grundsatz ihrer goal entsprechen und dennoch im Stande sind, die negativen Effekte (eingeschränkte Repräsentation, unzureichende Partizipation) aufzulösen? Wie kann das Gerechtigkeitsproblem behoben oder zumindest entschärft werden? Das sind die Leitfragen, an denen sich diese Untersuchung orientieren wird, mit dem Ziel, Perspektiven für eine Reformierung des Wahlrechts aufzuzeigen, die der beschriebenen Problematik in angemessener Weise begegnet.

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The Economy and the Vote: Economic Conditions and Elections by Wouter van der Brug,Cees van der EijK,Mark Franklin PDF

By Wouter van der Brug,Cees van der EijK,Mark Franklin

financial stipulations are stated to impact election results, yet previous learn has produced volatile and contradictory findings. This ebook argues that those difficulties are attributable to the failure to take account of electoral festival among events. A learn technique to right this challenge is designed and utilized to enquire results of financial stipulations on (individual) voter offerings and (aggregate) election results over forty two elections in 15 nations. It exhibits that fiscal stipulations exert small results on person celebration personal tastes, that can have huge effects for election results. In international locations the place accountability for monetary coverage is obvious, citizens vote retrospectively and present or punish incumbent events - even supposing in coalition platforms smaller executive events usually achieve on the cost of the biggest occasion whilst monetary stipulations go to pot. the place readability of accountability for fiscal coverage is much less transparent, citizens vote extra prospectively at the foundation of anticipated get together policies.

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Download PDF by Akiva Kato,Richard Leitch,Martin E. Weinstein: Japan's Role in the Post-Cold War World (Contributions in

By Akiva Kato,Richard Leitch,Martin E. Weinstein

American and eastern specialists offer a concise and obviously written survey of Japan's relationships worldwide and the overseas coverage views in Tokyo at the present time in response to full of life interviews with key policymakers and new examine there. The examine bargains a quick heritage background of eastern perceptions of the foreign process from the mid-19th century to the tip of the chilly struggle and considers Japan's position within the post-Cold warfare world.

This short research concludes with perspectives concerning the destiny attainable relationships with Asian buddies, Europe, the Russian Republic, and the USA. This learn defines the bilateral and international dimensions of jap international coverage. instructed for common readers and as a textual content for undergraduate and graduate scholars in classes in comparative politics, U.S. international coverage, and global history.

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